Civil engineering is the oldest engineering discipline together with military. It was made to distinguish the military engineering from others engineering. Civil engineering is divided into several sub-disciplines, for examples geotechnical engineering, transportation engineering, water resources engineering, materials engineering, and many others. Mistakenly understood, there is actually a great different between civil engineering and architecture discipline, even though both discipline deal with design, building, and maintenance of the physical construction. Architecture deals more with the planning, design, and the how-to things, while civil engineering deals with the construction, the maintenance, and the what-to things. An architect would design and plan how to make certain construction or building; the shape, wide, long, the materials that are used, and stuffs like that of the construction or building. A civil engineer, however, would count and decide the amount of the materials that are used and its structures, the placement of the materials, and the construction until it was done in a shape of the desired building or construction.
Civil engineers usually spend most of their time outdoor; these people are the men who direct the construction of certain buildings or physical objects. Civil engineers make the in-depth design from the architect, which is generally in the artificial forms, into the real forms. They calculate the construction of bridges, buildings, streets, and other great and public facilities. To do this calculation is not as easy as we think, because the calculation should be exact and apply precisely to prevent some misconstruction, which will affect the maintenance of the building or construction itself. Back in the day, civil engineers used the manual calculation to do their works. It was better, actually, than using certain civil engineering programs on the computer – they would calculate thoroughly according to the real events and situations they face on the field. In the contrary, today civil engineers are so familiar with many computerized programs or software that they use in their routines works. The advantage of using computerized programs or software is the efficiency of time and cost; works will be done in short time and no need to spend much money for the operational. In the other hand, using computerized programs will decrease the intensity to observe on the field because computer will be civil engineers’ best friend; they will tend to calculate based on their assessment without matching it to the actual events and conditions on the field.
Instead of comparing the age of time of civil engineering, it is better to know what software civil engineers usually use. In this period of time, it is better to be up-dated as the time goes modernize with its tool; computer. Civil engineers would be familiar with these computerized programs: The Engineers Toolbox (ETBX); an advanced package of software for designing, analysis, and referencing. The program included mechanism, dynamism and controller, and numerical methods, and references. Structural Toolbox is the software that contains civil engineering every day-use programs. Structuralpak, is a six-spreadsheet excel application for structural calculation. Drainage program calculates your storm-break, capacity of channels, and the capacity of storm drain. There are still lots of civil engineering programs available to make the constructions easier.
Civil engineering cannot escape from everyday life. Almost every single construction or building is dealt with it. Civilizations will need civil engineering to survive and develop since civil engineering stand upon humanization. Civil engineering is a discipline that includes research and development, planning, designing, constructing, and maintaining. It closely related also with the development of urban system, water supply, structures, generation of the energy and transmission system, building and water treatment and disposal system, and systems of transportation. Civil engineers analyze, design, construct, function and structurize complex systems including bridges, buildings, pipelines, dams, highways, harbors, etc., and concern with the protection of the public towards natural disasters such as floods and earthquake, even fire, landslide, erosion and others disaster that are caused by human errors. Civil engineering is closely associated with architecture, but it is actually different. Architecture is more like to be the design discipline, while civil engineering to be the constructor discipline. Civil engineers are the people who make the construction or the buildings into reality. They have to asses, calculate, and apply the materials accordingly to make quality constructions or buildings.
From a long time ago, this discipline has been established, taught, and improved. Many schools and universities include civil engineering programs in their study subject because it gets popular every time; many people want to learn civil engineering and want to be engineers. In high school level, we are familiar with vocational school that includes some practical applicable study subjects, for example: cooking, accounting, mechanical, secretarial, and engineering. Engineering varies from electricity to civil engineering; there is also mechanical engineering. The intention of civil engineering programs is to be the mediators that provide the education needed for the students to be civil engineers. It enriches students of the complexity of life and the things in it and how to deal with it, and to prepare them to be the role people of the developments. Civil engineers should be well-understood of how to function both as professional civil engineers and as responsible and well-educated citizens effectively. They learn the essences of the civil engineering profession with comprehended materials of the four main factors in civil engineering: geotechnical, structural, transportation, and environmental. Civil engineers need to know to use the techniques and skills of how to apply their knowledge in the real life, and they should keep learning because the world changes; different things arise each and every day.
Some examples of institutions or universities in the United States that have civil engineering programs as their major are University of California in Berkeley (CA), University of Illinois in Urbana (IL), Georgia Institute of Technology in Atlanta (GA), Purdue University in West Lafayette (IN), Stanford University in Stanford (CA), University of Texas in Austin (TX), Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge (MA), University of Michigan in Ann Arbor (MI), Virginia Tech in Blacksburg (VA), Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburg (PA), Cornell University in Ithaca (NY). Future civil engineers could think about those institutions or universities to enter before they pursue career in civil engineering because those colleges are the accredited colleges for civil engineering programs in the United States.